Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2019)
Risk factors associated with osteoarthritis: A study in an Upazilla health complex of Bangladesh
Author(s): Mohammad Imdadul Hoque Shakil, Dr. Nahida Islam
Abstract: Introduction: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide year after year. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Although Osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine. As there had been very few studies in Bangladesh we have conducted this study to know more about Osteoarthritis. Objective: The main objective of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with Osteoarthritis (OA). Methodology: This was a retrospective study which was conducted in Upazilla Health Complex, Sadar, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period from January 2018 to December 2018. Data were collected by a pre-designed questioner and analyzed by computer program, SPSS Version 20. Incomplete data-sheets were rejected before analysis and finally total study population was fixed to 182 with Osteoarthritis (OA). Result: Among the total 182 study people, the highest number of patients with Osteoarthritis was found in 51 to 60 years’ age group. This number was 66 and it was 36.26% of total study population. In the comparison of sample data regarding risk factors like DM, Hypertension, previously operated, history of injury, and family history it was found that against K and L Score and VAS Score the significant values were associated where p values were 0.447 and 0.392 respectively. Conclusion: Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of disability. It occurs in similar proportions in all cultures, interferes with quality of life and work performance and is the most common reason for medical consultations. More studies regarding OA are necessary to get the clear concepts about this issue.